Prince Andrew whose full name is Andrew Albert Christian Edward, most commonly known as Duke of York. He was born on February 19, 1960, at Buckingham Palace, in London to Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh. He is the younger brother of Prince Charles and the eighth in line to the British throne.
He joined the Royal Navy in 1979 and subsequently became a helicopter pilot, serving for almost 22 years at that position. In 1986 he married Sarah Ferguson and the couple divorced in 1996 amid media attention. He has served England on various posts and positions, out of which most recently as a special representative for international trade and investment.
Early Life and Education
He was born on February 19, 1960, at Buckingham Palace, in London. He is the first child born to a sitting monarch in 103 years in British history, his mother was Queen Elizabeth II and his father was Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh.
During his early age, he was taught by a governess at Buckingham Palace until he was eight years old, he was sent to Heatherdown Preparatory School, in Ascot. When he was 13 years old, he moved on to the Gordonstoun School in Morayshire, Scotland, where his father and elder brother, Prince Charles, went before him.
In 1977 he went to Lakefield College School in Ontario, Canada, and in 1979, he attended the Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth. It was the path that led him to joining the Royal Navy as an officer and training to become a pilot.
When Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, in 1982, a British territory, the ship on which he was stationed, was to be sent to retake the island. During the conflict with Argentina, he flew on several missions and helped with casualty evacuation, transport and search and rescue operations. After completing his first frontline tour, he was promoted to the ranks of lieutenant in February 1984, and the Queen appointed him as a personal aide-de-camp.
Marriage and Divorce from Sarah Ferguson
He married Sarah Ferguson, In July 1986, to whom he had known since childhood, Princess Diana was reported to have encouraged the pairing and once they were married, the queen named the newly wedded couple as the duke and duchess of York. The marriage was a media frenzy, which eventually contributed to the couple’s separation in 1992, as well as their divorce four years later in 1996. The couple had two daughters namely, Beatrice Elizabeth Mary, born on August 8, 1988, and Eugenie Victoria Helena, born on March 23, 1990.
Posts and Patronages
He formally left the Royal Navy at the end of July 2001. Four years later, in July 2005, he was promoted to the ranks of honorary captain. He continued to hold several posts and positions in the British army, navy, air force and Commonwealth forces and became the UK’s special representative for international trade and investment.
He was also involved with numerous organizations, for example, he has served as patron of Fight for Sight, the British Deaf Association, the Children’s Foundation, the British Science Association, and the Outward Bound Trust.
In November 2019 Prince Andrew announced that he was stepping back from public duties.
Ranks and Honors
The Duke of York holds several ranks in the British Royal Navy and several royal, commonwealth and foreign honors.